We answer your questions

1What do I have to meet in the field of occupational health and safety and OPP when establishing a limited company in the Slovak Republic?

A newly established company, even if it has only one employee, is obliged to secure a contractual relationship with a safety technician to provide a safety service. Through the fire protection technician, he is again obliged to ensure the requirements for fire protection.

As for health and safety documentation - if the company has no employees and the manager of the company does not have an employment relationship with the company, he does not need documentation. However, if the manager of the company employs himself, he is obliged to provide documentation to a reasonable extent.

As for health and safety training - all employees must have completed it, including managers who only employ themselves.

2Why do I need documentation and training of occupational health and safety, Fire Safety and Health Safety?

Documentation and training in the areas of occupational health and safety and Fire protection are mandatory by law. Their main task is to prevent accidents at work, fire and the like. If such a situation occurs, the relevant state institutions shall immediately investigate and determine whether the company has fulfilled all legal obligations. Failure to do so or non-compliance will result in criminal liability for the employer and a fine of at least EUR 33,000.

3Who is legally obliged to provide health and safety and fire safety?

Training required by law in the field of occupational safety and health and fire protection must be completed by all employees, contractors or temporary workers from the first day of starting work. The training applies to all employers, even if they have only one employee or if they employ only themselves. The employer is obliged to provide the training at his own expense. These obligations also apply to self-employed persons.

4How often do I have to provide training?

The employer is obliged to provide training for each employee (including the contractor, part-time worker, etc.) immediately upon starting work. Subsequently, it must be repeated periodically every 2 years.

There are also specific staff training that requires repetition of training every 12 months - for example, working at heights.

5Do training obligations apply to me even if I only have employees on agreement bases?

Yes. Health and safety and fire safety training are mandatory by law for all employees, regardless of whether they work on a permanent/part-time basis or by agreement.


6If my employees have received training from their previous job, do I have to provide them with training anyway?

Yes. By law, all employees are required to undergo re-training when starting new employment. Training and responsibility for completing it always rest with the current employer, not the previous one.

7I train my employees myself; I know best how to explain what and how to do them. Is it enough to fulfil legal obligations?

No, such training is not enough if you have not completed the training and examinations of a safety technician and a fire protection technician. In the case of an inspection, you must prove the specific areas from which your employee has been trained. The required range will be determined by a safety technician and a fire protection technician.

8My company is based in rented premises - am I still obliged to provide documentation and training for Fire Safety?

The employer often thinks that when he is rented, he does not have the obligation to ensure obligations in the field of Fire Safety or Occupational health safety - the reality is in most cases completely different. Most landlords do not provide fire protection for rented premises or staff training. The amount you pay for the rent usually does not include health and safety and fire safety services, so the landlord or building manager is not responsible for the individual workplaces of tenants. They must have their workplace secured per legal regulations concerning occupational health and safety, fire safety and health safety separately. To find out which obligations the landlord provides for you and which you must provide yourself, we recommend studying the lease agreement, which should list all the relevant requirements, responsibilities and obligations of each party.

The final answer is that doing business in rented premises does not relieve the employer of any of the obligations in the field of occupational safety and health and fire safety.

9Do I need OSH documentation and training even though I only have employees who work from home?

Health and safety at the “home office” are as follows: the requirements for employee training are the same as when working on the employer's premises - this means that all employees, even those who work from home, must receive training on health and safety principles.

As for the documentation, it is also mandatory, but in a simpler version. The reason is as follows - part of the work from home is in most cases, for example, work with display units (work with a computer), which is specified in a separate directive.

In the event of an accident, the employer is obliged to proceed in the same way as the accident would occur at the plant/office.

In summary, the elaboration of such partial documentation for the employer does not represent a very high investment and the training only needs to be completed once every two years. The resulting necessary investment is therefore bearable and the entrepreneur is sure that he is not only safe for employees but can also sleep peacefully because he knows that he has fulfilled all legal obligations in the field of occupational safety and health.

10Does the hygienic minimum concern me? Who controls it and when do I face a fine?

Professional competence for the hygienic minimum is necessary for employees in restaurants, bars, cafes, grocery stores, food production, also in cosmetic studios, massage studios, etc. In other words, wherever an epidemiologically serious activity is carried out - this is an activity in which there is a risk of developing or spreading a communicable disease if the principles of personal hygiene are not observed).

The hygienic minimum is controlled by the Regional Public Health Offices and the fine for non-compliance with the obligations arising from the law is imposed not only on the employer but also on the employee himself.

11How many fire extinguishers do I have to operate?

The required quantity and type of fire extinguishers depends on the size, nature and type of operation. Around 10,000 fires occur in Slovakia every year, so it is important to be prepared and protect your workplace. If you do not have fire-fighting equipment installed in operation, we recommend that you consult a fire technician, who will recommend the most suitable solution for your operation.

12The premises in which I do business have insurance against fire, so I do not need fire safety training.

Unfortunately, this is not true, although many employers think so. If you also have insured areas against fire, if you do not comply with the statutory principles of Fire Protection, the insurance company will not pay the relevant sum insured and you will pay the premium unnecessarily.

13So far I have not addressed any health and safety, Fire Safety and health safety, why should I start right now?

Obligations in the field of occupational safety and health and OPP are among the basic requirements for the performance of any work activity. They are described in article number thirty-six of the Constitution of the Slovak Republic and their non-compliance is severely punished - for non-compliance, you may even find yourself in prison due to negligence.

14I haven't experienced any control yet, are they still conducting inspections? And who is actually in charge of them?

The Labour Inspectorate is in charge of supervising compliance with occupational health and safety. The Fire and Rescue Service supervises compliance with fire safety. Hygiene and hygienic minimum are controlled by the Regional Public Health Offices.

The individual institutions carry out unannounced inspections on a regular and independent basis. They are fined between € 500 and € 100,000 for non-compliance. State supervisory authorities are required by law to inspect employers for prevention in individual areas, so it may only be a matter of time before one of the competent authorities can knock on your door.

A situation where you will not avoid the inspection is a serious accident at work or the death of an employee. If the employer does not fulfil all legal obligations at that time, he faces criminal liability and a fine of EUR 33,000. In addition to work-related injuries, the strictest inspections are also in the event of a fire.

The most common fines and their quantification:

Absence of legal training - EUR 1,200

Missing / out of date documentation - 600 EUR

Missing workplace inspection - 800 EUR

Missing fire alarm - 700 EUR

Missing revisions of electrical appliances - EUR 1,500

Do you need to solve occupational health and safety in your company? Contact us.

    O ktoré služby máte záujem?

    Dokumentácia BOZP + školenie
    Bezpečnostnotechnická služba (BTS)
    Dokumentácia ochrany pred požiarmi + školenie (OPP)
    Pracovná zdravotná služba (PZS)
    Bezpečnostné a zdravotné značenie

    Kontrola hasiacich prístrojov

    Informácie o spoločnosti

    Kontaktná osoba